Pelanggaran Prinsip Kerja Sama Maksim pada Penderita Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Aulia Shabrina Fitri Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI), Indonesia
  • Jatmika Nurhadi Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI), Indonesia
Keywords: Psycholinguistics, Autism, Language Disorder, Maxim of Cooperation Principle

Abstract

Language is a vital element for every individual in forming social relationships. This is because humans basically cannot read the minds of other individuals. Meanwhile, with language someone can express ideas in their thoughts to be discussed. Then what happens to individuals who have language limitations, such as those with autism. This article aims to show a form of violation of the cooperation maxim for people with autism. Another aim is to describe the achievement of speech intentions with all the limitations of autistic individuals as a form of success in communication. The method used is qualitative by collecting data through listening and note-taking techniques because the data is in the form of videos on the Tiktok account. This research takes the form of a case study with a 21 year old informant who suffers from Autism Spectrum Disorder named Zahra. At the data analysis stage, it will first be identified based on utterances that violate the maxim of cooperation. Then, the resulting data will be grouped based on the principle of maxim cooperation and finally conclude the results of classifying violations of maxim cooperation. The results of this research found four forms of violations such as the maxims of quantity, quality, relationship and method. The tendency for violations to be committed is the maxim of quantity and the maxim of manner. Even though there is a violation of the maxim, the meaning of the speech can be conveyed well with the presence or absence of assistance from the interlocutor.

Keywords: Psycholinguistics, Autism, Language Disorder, Maxim of Cooperation Principle

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Published
2023-11-24
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