Status dan Kedudukan Perempuan sebagai Saksi (Studi Komparatif Hukum Islam dan KUHAP)

  • Habib Ismail Universitas Ma’arif Lampung, Indonesia
  • Ahmad Wahyudi Institut Al-Ma’arif Way Kanan, Indonesia
  • Suryadi Suryadi Institut Al-Ma’arif Way Kanan, Indonesia
  • Fatimatul Zuhroh Institut Al-Ma’arif Way Kanan, Indonesia
  • Bahroni Bahroni Institut Al-Ma’arif Way Kanan, Indonesia
  • Mufid Arsyad Universitas Ma’arif Lampung, Indonesia
  • Rohimah Rohimah Institut Al-Ma’arif Way Kanan, Indonesia
Keywords: Status Women as Witnesses, Position of Women as Witnesses, Islamic Law

Abstract

The issue of provisions that differentiate between men and women has colored many studies of Islamic law, based on the Al-Qur'an and Hadith. These differences are stated in the verses of the Koran that are two basic characteristics that only women have and are fundamental biological differences between women and men. This positions women differently in the context of testimony in court. For this reason, it is important that this research be carried out with the main issue of what is the position of female witnesses and the evidentiary strength of their testimony in the evidentiary system in religious court procedural law? With a qualitative research model, this research is a literature study using a philosophical approach. Based on comparative research results, the status and position of women as witnesses in religious courts from the perspective of Islamic law, the status of one man's testimony is the same as that of two women. The essence of this difference is not meant to doubt women's abilities, it's just that in the business world it is carried out from day to night so signing and testifying about all kinds of business is like being done by men. If there are women who are witnesses, they must have one additional woman whose function is to strengthen their testimony, because it could happen that one of the two of them cannot be present to give testimony or has forgotten the object that he witnessed in the past. . Meanwhile, in the Civil Procedure Code, the value of male and female testimony is the same. The value of the testimony of men and women is the same in the Civil Procedure Code in Religious Courts because witnesses serve as a means of evidence, the task of witnesses in the Civil Procedure Code is to prove the existence or non-existence of a legal action.

 Keywords: Status Women as Witnesses, Position of Women as Witnesses, Islamic Law

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Published
2024-01-16
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